Divisions – Heart Disease
Heart disease refers to a broad range of conditions affecting the heart, including but not limited to
- coronary heart disease,
- coronary heart failure,
- congenital heart defects and problems with heart rhythm.
There are many causes of heart disease, dependent on both lifestyle and genetics. Heart disease is extremely common in the U.S. and, due to the severe impact this illness can have on one’s life, it is crucial that it is treated immediately.
Heart disease is the cause of potentially life-threatening scenarios such as chest pains, heart attacks and strokes.
According to the National Heart Lung & Blood Institute (NHLBI), heart disease is the leading cause of death for American men and women.
Therefore, any research that is done in the way of this deadly yet prevalent disease is extraordinarily beneficial for the wellness and longevity of the American population.
PHLBI narrows its focus on two primary conditions affecting the heart:
These two types of heart disease are not only the most common, but are also the most deadly.
Coronary artery disease is a result of the arteries becoming filled with plaque, causing them to harden and narrow.
This process is also known as atherosclerosis, and it is often what prompts a heart attack. It is caused by a of multitude factors, and is becoming increasingly common in the U.S.
Coronary heart failure occurs when the heart is unable to effectively pump enough oxygen-rich blood.
This process causes the heart muscle to weaken and ultimately places stress on the body, resulting in congestion, shortness of breath and fatigue.
It is both the common and severe nature of these types of heart disease that prompts PHLBI to want to invest time and expenditures on further research.
PHLBI hopes that investing the proper time and funds to further explore the nature of these illnesses will help to lower the number of Americans suffering from these diseases.